The DTP, a combination vaccine, is administered to shield against Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis (Whooping cough). All of the three of which are dangerous and potentially, fatal diseases. People living in high risk countries are mandated to take it up.
The Diptheria toxiod, Tetanus toxid and pertussis antigen are all inactivated and combined to result in the DTP vaccine. On receiving the shot, antibodies against Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis are developed within the body to prevent it from contracting the disease.
The vaccine is scheduled to be given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks. Two booster shots are required to be administered between 15 to 18 months and then at 5 years of age. Boosters are then given up, every 10 years with either TT or Tdap.
Who is given the DTP vaccine?
Infants born in high risk countries such as ours are recommended to take the DTP vaccine. Adults living in or travelling to high risk to Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis should also take up the vaccine.
How it works
On administration of the vaccine, the body develops immunity to the three diseases via antibodies. On taking the booster shots, immunity is sustained and such an individual does not develop Diptheria, Tetanus or Pertussis.
Common side effects
1.Pain and swelling at the sight of the injection. 2.Mild fever 3.Headache 4.Fatigue