Raising a child is indeed a tricky and difficult task, especially during the very early ages, where the mother herself has to do everything. Later, however, the child needs learn to 'go' on their on and it is the parents’ job to teach their children the right way to do things.
There are always a certain set of steps involved in training your child in anything and potty training is no different. The basic steps of potty training have been mentioned below.
1. Is your child ready?
The most important step is to identify whether your child is ready to be potty trained. Usually, the child is ready for potty training at around 18-24 months of age. The general ways of knowing include if the child follows basic instructions or whether he/she has started peeing and pooping at scheduled times.
2. Getting the right equipment
The next step in potty training is getting the right equipment to train him/her. The first thing to invest in is a child-size potty seat on which he/she can sit. It is important to buy the right type of seat, so that your child can easily learn how to use it.
3. Create a schedule
Start with putting your child on the seat at the appropriate time, i.e., when he/she is likely to have a bowel movement. This will eventually help them ease into it, while simultaneously creating a schedule. Do not physically force your child to sit on the seat. Have patience and let them ease into it.
4. Show them how it’s done
A child often learns faster by imitation and thus, it is important to show to your child how to sit on the seat and how to operate it. Try explaining what you feel when it’s time to go to the toilet and also, tell them what’s going on while you are sitting on it and what to do after you are done (using the flush). It is better to show them every step of the way.
5. Encourage the habit
It is important to encourage your child’s habit to use the toilet and to ask for your help every time they want to go. Make them understand that asking you anytime for using the toilet is okay and that they can talk to you anytime they want to.
6. Start using training pants
The next step is to train them to pull down and pull up their pants before and after going to the toilet, respectively. For that, using training pants is a better idea, so that the child can easily pull up and down their pants and complete using the toilet.
7. Handle setbacks gracefully
Everyone takes time to learn something new and sometimes some accidents do occur in the process of learning. It is important to handle these setbacks in a positive manner. This way, your child does not get scared, but realizes his/her mistake and tries to improve on it.
8. Night training
Although your child might be able to use the toilet properly during day, it might still take some time for them to stay dry all night. Make them wear their diapers during the night in the early stages and encourage them to use the toilet when they feel like it even at night.
It is important to appreciate your child throughout the training and compliment them at every stage, so that they remain positive and eventually instil it in their routine.