Understanding Child Development (4-5 years)
At this age, you might have noticed that your kid is growing up, and growing up fast. Your kid is becoming much more intelligent, observant and perceptive. Also, the 4-5-year old starts to become more independent, assertive and confident. S/he would now be able to communicate and express better, and is able to and eager to carry on a conversation.
Here are a few developments in your child that you might observe.
Language and Cognitive Milestones
Once a struggling kid, your kid would now be able to carry on an intelligent conversation, even being animated about it. Your child’s vocabulary would also be much better and s/he would pick up on words on an almost daily basis. This also means that as your child’s vocabulary builds, his/her cognitive abilities are also being developed. Questions are going to be asked, as the kid learns to be more inquisitive, and also learns to be logical and curious. Most kids would also like laughing and joking, singing and making up words.
Movement Milestones and Hand and Finger Skills
Kids learn the most by doing. So, by now, your kid would be running, jumping, playing games, hopping, kicking and in short, just be all over the place. Your kid would also be able to confidently use his/her hands and fingers and be in control of them - for example, they would be able to use a fork/spoon, draw objects, write alphabet, form shapes with their hands, brush their teeth, and even dress and undress.
Emotional and Social Development
Usually, as babies, the world is centered around them. Now, slowly, as they grow up, kids begin to realize that the world doesn’t revolve around them. Children at this age start to pay attention to others’ feelings, be able to understand fights and conflicts and also control his/her emotions. While playing with his/her friends, the kid might also encounter emotion s/he might not have encountered before, like anger, jealousy, stubbornness, selfishness and cooperation. The kid will also realize that expressing his/her emotion cannot always be done physically or incoherently, so they start to articulate emotions verbally.
Here are a few things that can help in developing the well-being of your child during this precious age:
Make playtime regular
Playing helps kids enjoy and have a good time, while also serving the purpose of helping them express their feelings. Ensure you have a mix of both indoor and outdoor games, so that there is an all-round development.
Read to your kid
This becomes important in two aspects - one is to improve your child’s vocabulary and speech abilities, and the second would be to help build a stronger bond with your child. Reading together helps your kid and you both, and storytelling encourages your child’s speaking, thinking and imaginative abilities.