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Understanding Child Development (2-3 years)

Your child is officially a toddler now. You might not like or even believe how fast your child is growing, but there he/she is - running around, full of energy and ready to take on everything in his/her path.

Read on to learn about your child’s development between the ages of 2 and 3 years.

Emotional development

 

This is one of the most important ages for emotional development. Your toddler starts developing feelings and also tries to understand yours. When they become frustrated, angry or embarrassed, they tend to throw a temper tantrum. S/he also tries to be more independent and might not always look for you in a crowd.

Language

By 3 years, your toddler will be able to say sentences that have 5 words or more and might even hold a conversation with you. S/he will pick up on things happening around him/her - colours, alphabets or numbers, but will not exactly understand what they mean.

By age 3, 75% of his/her language will become clear.

Physical development

Your child refuses your help and tries to do everything himself/herself. S/he will be able to wash his/her hands, feed himself/herself, take his/her clothes off and many other such small feats. You can start training him/her to use the toilet on his/her own. It might take a while because it requires the coordination of many things, but be patient with his/her and s/he’ll learn at his/her own pace.

Your child will also be able to run without falling often, jump on both feet, walk up and down the stairs independently and might also be able to stand on one foot for a few seconds.

Learning

Your child will understand simple stories. S/he will also understand concepts like time and opposites - for example, small and big, dark and bright. S/he will also be able to match colours and shapes.

Playing forms a large part of learning for your child. Encourage your toddler to play with other kids. Things like painting with fingers, playing dress up and storytelling will make them learn faster.

Things you can do

Introduce him/her to toys like blocks and beads that s/he can stack, break apart or match colours with. Try to get him/her to spend a lot of time outdoors by taking him/her to the park or the beach. S/he can also spend time with other toddlers while s/he’s there.

Constantly talk to your toddler. It might be about something as small as a chair or about how s/he feels about taking a walk. The more you talk to them, the more words you introduce into your child's vocabulary.

Involve him/her in small chores around the house like handing you a vegetable when you’re in the kitchen or standing next to you as you wait around for the washing machine’s beep. It’ll develop his/her motor skills and also make him/her feel happy that s/he’s helping you out.

Read stories to him/her at bed-time. It puts him/her to sleep and s/he’ll get to bed faster because s/he has your story telling to look forward to now. 

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