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Understanding Child Development (1 to 2 years)

The development of your child between the age of 1-2 years is very important. This is the time your child is curious and ready to discover the world. You will see a lot of milestones, such as your child’s first step, first smile and first word.

Here’s your guide on understanding how your child develops during the age of 1 to 2 years.

Physical development

Your child will go from crawling to being able to push himself/herself up by the time s/he turns one.

By 15 months, s/he will be able to walk without your assistance, but his/her feet will be wide apart and s/he will have his/her arms up to help balance their bodies. S/he will also be able to go from a sitting position to standing and vice-versa using his/her hands.

By the time s/he turns 2, s/he will be able to run without falling down too often. S/he will also be able to climb up and down the stairs. You might also notice that s/he’s suddenly taken interest in door knobs, handles and buttons!

All of a sudden, that little munchkin who ate anything you gave her/him will have changed into a picky, fussy eater. Monitor how much your little one eats and make sure s/he gets his/her nutrition.

Although you’re afraid that your child might hurt himself/herself, it's important that you let him/her explore on his/her own. Be at a safe distance and monitor his/her movements rather than crowding him/her.

Language skills

Language is one of the most exciting parts of your child’s development. Your child’s cognitive skills peak at this age and they are able to absorb your words.

By age 1, your child’s vocabulary might hold a few recognizable words

By age 2, your child’s understanding of words increases. They can learn as many 300 words and be able to use them to convey what they want.

They will understand you when you say something like ‘Come and place the toy here’ and they might even form small sentences or phrases.

If your child is stammering over certain words, know that it’s completely normal, especially when s/he’s excited.

Emotional development

Although your child appears to be more independent than s/he used to be, s/he is still scared when you aren’t by his/her side.

In fact, your child will be craving the attention of adults. You might notice that s/he gets excited in the presence of adults. Your child might enjoy playing with other babies, but the concept of sharing something s/he claims as his/her “own” is new to her. Most children at this age can be physically very demanding. They are specific about what they want and when they don’t get what they want, the chances of them throwing a tantrum are very high.

Your role in all of this

Provide your child with colorful toys to contain his/her curiosity, so that he/she doesn’t go after things like the TV or your fridge.

Read stories to him/her. Pop-up books or books with lots of images will get him/her excited and you can even let him/her turn the pages.

Take him/her to a park or a play area often. Let your child interact with nature and allow him/her to play with himself/herself without interference.

You can even start with potty training towards the end of the second year.

Certain things like your child not being able to walk by 18 months or your child not speaking any words by the end of their first year can be considered as red flags.

Keep in mind that this is a general guide, and since every child is unique, do not worry if your little one is not exactly following the norms. S/he might be learning at his/her own pace. Consult your doctor if you notice anything unusual. 

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