Stomach infection or stomach flu is what is medically called gastroenteritis. It usually occurs due to some inflammation of the digestive tract. It could be caused by bacteria or various other reasons such as salmonella.
It’s quite simple to identify when your child has a stomach infection. They’ll experience vomiting, diarrhoea, pains or aches, and sometimes even fever.
Dealing with Stomach Infection
A very common side effect of stomach infections is diarrhoea. This means that your child’s body is losing a lot of fluid, which needs to be replaced for healthy functioning. Make sure your child is hydrated by constant water intake.
Besides water, their body may also lose essential salts and minerals. This is when it is recommended to give them oral electrolyte solution. These are easily available at a local pharmacy and can be given in powder form or mixed with water as an electrolyte solution.
3. Dairy Products
Avoid giving them dairy products such as milk. Milk is known to aggravate stomach problems and discomfort. The same goes for caffeine and any drinks with a high level of an acid such as artificial juices. Consult with your doctor before breastfeeding or giving them formula milk as well.
4. Solid Food
Once you’re sure your child can digest liquid and keep it in their body without throwing up, you can slowly start introducing solid food. Make sure the food is bland. These could include bananas, rice etc. Avoid spicy food or food that has been deep fried.
One of the ways you could avoid this infection is by ensuring your hands are clean after every bathroom session or diaper change. The same goes for your baby. Also, ensure hygienic raw materials being used to cook food. Ensure everything is properly washed and stored and safe cooking techniques are utilized.
6. Avoid OTC medicines
OTC are over the counter medicines. These are easily available antibiotics that can stop the vomiting and diarrhoea. Try and avoid these because the vomiting and diarrhoea are the body’s way of eliminating the infection. If you stop this process, it could make the infection worse for your child. Only use medicines if your baby’s condition escalates to a high fever.
There are certain vaccines available to prevent the onset of diarrhoea and vomiting, such as the rotavirus vaccine. Consult your doctor for the best possible options keeping in mind the age and health of your little one.