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Seizures are usually seen in adults, but what most people don’t know is that it’s a common phenomenon among infants as well. People describe it as something similar to a short circuit in the brain. It occurs when there is some disturbance with the electric signals and nerves in the brain. Doctors still can’t pinpoint an exact reason for why these seizures occur, but they mostly attribute it to some trauma, genes and even brain disorders. Identifying a seizure in babies is harder than identifying it in adults, as it is more subtle.

Focal seizures:

You can identify this type of seizure as it’s isolated to one muscle family such as the fingers, legs and the likes. They may start vomiting, sweating, gagging and crying non-stop. They will also experience spasms throughout their body.

Absence seizures: 

These seizures occur for a very short span of time, around 30 seconds. It is equivalent to your baby zoning out of the environment and daydreaming. They could even appear to be chewing on nothing. It usually occurs several times a day.

Infantile spasms:

These usually occur before or after a nap or a feeding session. They are common in the first year and happen multiple times a day. Your baby would arch their back forward while their limbs tend to stiffen up.

Febrile seizures: 

If your baby is experiencing a very high fever, over 102 degrees C, they might have a febrile seizure. Their eyes would roll to the back of their head, along with twitching and jerking of the body.

What you can do

The first rule of a seizure is to never try and stop it. Make sure the area around your baby is free from potentially harmful objects like sharp or hot items. If possible, try and take a video of the seizure for the benefit of your doctor, as they’re more likely to identify the correct type of seizure your baby is having.

Notice the time duration of your baby’s seizure and which part of the body it originated from. Try and remember their body movements during the seizure. The doctors may also ask you what activities your baby was performing before the seizure occurred.

In case of severe seizures, your doctors may suggest you opt for an MRI or an EEG to check the nerves and the electromagnetic waves in the brain. 

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