In the fifth month of pregnancy, a woman's body undergoes a lot of changes. This is precisely the time when your baby begins kicking in the womb and of course this is the best time to start talking to your baby because it will help you bond with your baby.Although the baby bump size is different for all women, there are a lot of common issues.
Talking about going to the hospital, in the fifth month, you will undergo a lot of scans and medical procedures as it is the time for your second quarter scan. These scans are called "anomalous scans", "morphology scan" or "20-week scans". These scans are usually done between 18-20 weeks of pregnancy. If you are preparing yourself for a scan and wondering what will happen, then this article is for you.
How to prepare yourself for a scan?
There is no need for any separate preparation for the anomalous scan. Just keep calm and arrive at the hospital fifteen minutes before your appointment, so that you don’t have to rush.
To have an accurate scan, your bladder should not be filled like it was in the first three months of your pregnancy. One thing you should know is that apart from other scans, it may take a lot of time but if your baby is co-operating during the scans, it will just take 45 minutes.
What are the tests done during the anomaly scan?
This scan is done to examine if there are any abnormalities in the growing baby. In this case, abnormality mainly refers to any type of deformation in the baby’s body development. The list of conditions which are examined is given below. Most of these conditions are not normal.
1.Open spina bifida
This discrepancy is in the spinal cord. This is usually called 'open neural tube defect'. It occurs in 6 out of 10,000 births. During this scan, the problem can be easily detected on the screen.
This is the disorder in which the lips become deformed. The upper lip gets slit and it begins growing abnormally. It occurs in 10 out of 10,000 births.
This is a type of Neural Tube Defect as it is a result of a distortion in the bones of the scalp, due to which the brain becomes severely damaged during the developmental phase. It occurs in 6 out of 10,000 births.
4.A diaphragmatic hernia
Damage to lung diaphragm is called diaphragmatic hernia. In this condition, the baby has problems in breathing after birth. The probability of this problem is 4 out of 10,000.
5.Gastroschisis and exomphalos
It is a disorder in the abdominal wall. This creates a problem in feeding the food after the birth of the baby. It is found in 5 out of 10,000.
6.Congenital heart disease
It is a problem related to the heart and it can be of three types - with the structure of the heart, with the function of the heart or with the rhythm of the heart. Severe congenital heart disease occurs 35 out of 10,000 births.
7.Bilateral renal agenesis
In this situation, there is the absence of kidney. In such cases, there is very little or no amniotic fluid at all. It occurs in 1 of the 10,000 births.
8.Lethal skeletal displays
It is a group of about 350 conditions related to the bones of hands, feet, chest and scalp. In most cases, abnormal growth of bones is found, resulting in unusual growth of parts of the body. It also happens to 1 in 10,000.
9. Edward syndrome and Patau syndrome
This condition gives rise to an abnormal structure of a chromosome in body cells. This is a fatal problem for the baby and there is no cure for it, it happens to 3 out of every 10,000.
10. The doctor may also check the following: -
Umbilical cord, the status of the placenta and the status of amniotic fluid. The doctor may also measure the parts of the body to check the infant's weight inside the womb.