Out of a few things that may go wrong with the pregnancy, preeclampsia and eclampsia are the conditions that may impact pre and post pregnancy maternal health.
The condition occurs in over 5-8% women over the world. Characterised by constant hypertension, this condition may lead to serious issues later. However, the good news is: it is treatable if detected early.
- This condition is characterised by high blood pressure and organ damage (common to liver and kidneys)
- Symptoms start appearing 20 weeks post pregnancy and may prolong if left untreated or undiagnosed.
- The risk factors entail the weakening immune system and even genetic traits.
- The hypertension pre and during pregnancy are another leading causes. (A family history of high blood pressure should be taken up for discussion immediately with the doctor).
- For the very young Mommy's and for those who took the step after 40 bears the risk of this disease.
- Sedentary lifestyle leading to maternal obesity raises the risk of the problem considerably.
- IVF fertilisation or a gap of fewer than 2 years between the present and past pregnancy. (Raising the count with the same partner also increases the risk.)
- Multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets etc. raise the body demands and uterus stress).
- Rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes (both types).
- Improper nutrition to uterus due to damaged blood vessels or improper tissue formation.
- High systolic and diastolic blood pressure (over 140/90)
- Liver fluid retention and other signs of oedema.
- Headaches that bring changes in vision
- Abdominal pain and decrease in platelet count
- Shortness of breath and vomitings.
- Proteins are not retained by the body and are passed via urine
- In some cases, edema can be another giveaway of this issue.
- Hypertension management
- Protein and calcium-rich diet
- Frequent medical attention
- Include yoga into regime
- Complete bed rest
- Fluid intake monitoring as well as steroid injections to boost baby growth
- Stay happy and stress-free
When preeclampsia is left untreated, the condition becomes eclampsia which is characterised by the onset of convulsions in the expecting or new momma.
- Untreated preeclampsia
- Blood pressure above 160/110 mg Hg
- Preexisting diabetes
- Long gap between pregnancy
- Women with history of thrombophilia
- Family history
- Past experience of eclampsia
- Muscle ache
- Irritability of Nervous system
- Temporary loss of vision
- Comatose condition
- May further give rise to haemorrhage, pneumonia, kidney dysfunction and even cardiac failure.
- All symptoms common to preeclampsia but severe
- Discomfort in bright light
- Tongue biting or hyperventilating
- Altered mental health
- In worst cases, multi-organ failure and placental bleeding.
- Aspirin proves helpful in getting blood pressure in control
- In cases of emergency, delivery can be initiated
- The artificial prolonging of pregnancy or increased platelet count.
- Hypertensive treatment to manage blood pressure
- Constant fetal heart rate monitoring
- Intravenous magnesium sulphate intervention.
- Consult a gynaecologist immediately for overcoming complications.
- Outcomes of preeclampsia and eclampsia
- Preterm birth
- Abnormal baby breathing (heartbeat)
- Amniotic fluid becomes low
- Low birth weight
- Organ failure
- Postpartum complications
- Stroke (only in eclampsia)
- Death (only in eclampsia)