We can understand that going through a pregnancy can be a little overwhelming. With so many ‘pregnancy books’ to read, all the medications and appointments to keep a track of, and all the precautions to take to make sure everything turns out just fine. However, there are certain conditions and complications that occur in pregnancies and to-be-moms are unaware of them.
Here are some pregnancy complications that you should know about:
1. Chronic Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea or vomiting is a common phenomenon during pregnancy, but can lead to complications if it becomes chronic. It could prevent you from eating or drinking, resulting in dehydration and health effects on the fetus. Staying dehydrated and malnourished during pregnancy can endanger the baby, so speak to your doctor and seek help immediately.
Severe headache, stomach pain and visual disturbances are among the symptoms of pre-eclampsia, a serious condition that develops in the course of pregnancy. This could be fatal. This condition is accompanied by high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine that is a normal occurrence after week 20 of pregnancy.
3. Your Water Bag Breaks
You’re just going about your house doing your routine chores, when there is suddenly a stream of water gushing down your legs. This could be either because of excessive pressure on your bladder, which is a common occurrence during pregnancy or because your water bag has broken. If you aren’t sure if it is urine or a genuine membrane rupture, empty your bladder and if the fluid still continues, you have broken your water bag.
4. Gestational Diabetes
During pregnancy, hormonal changes can cause the blood sugar level to rise. Gestational diabetes raises the chances of pregnancy complications. Once you’re diagnosed with this condition, your doctor or midwife will monitor your health and that of your baby until delivery. It’s not uncommon for women with gestational diabetes to have healthy pregnancies and equally healthy babies. If the pregnant woman gets treatment in time, a lot can be done.
One sign of preterm labor is a series of contractions way before your due date, which can be false. False contractions are un-rhythmic and do not increase in intensity and are highly unpredictable. These usually stop within an hour or after rehydrating. Regular contractions usually occur at an interval of 10 minutes and grow in intensity. If you have such contractions during the third trimester of your pregnancy, it is time to speak to your doctor.
6. High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is caused when arteries carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body get constricted. This can be a very fatal to your baby as it can restrict blood reach to your fetus or in some cases cause complications since the baby’s developing arteries cannot put up with the excessive blood pressure.
Bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy is mainly caused due to ectopic pregnancy, better known as a miscarriage. This occurs when the fertilized egg fails to plant in the uterus and instead plants somewhere else, thus giving a wrong/fake indication of pregnancy. Bleeding at any time of the pregnancy calls for immediate medical attention.