Your little one requires a balance of proteins, carbohydrates and fats during toddlerhood, as these macronutrients, as mentioned in Part 1, support day to day functions and provide enough energy. But besides these, the body also needs vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) - which will help carry out more specific functions in the body.
Here is a guide to the essential micronutrients that your toddler must not miss out on:
From creating new cells to helping with the development of eyes, teeth, bones etc., vitamins play an important role in the overall growth of babies.
Growing children are in constant need of iron as it is the oxygen-carrying compound that delivers oxygen to every organ through blood. Lack of iron may lead to iron deficiency anaemia. Give your child iron-rich foods like Red meats, Poultry, Liver, Whole grains, Nuts, Beans etc.
Calcium is well-known for its imperative role in building strong teeth and bones. Adequate intake of calcium during the initial growing years will prevent your child’s bones from becoming weak and brittle in his adult years. Your child’s diet must include calcium-rich foods such as Dairy products (milk, cheese, yoghurt etc.), Beans, Lentils, Almonds, Egg yolks, Broccoli, Dark-green leafy vegetables etc.
Zinc assists in the growth and development of toddlers by helping to create new cells and healing injuries. You need to give your little one foods like Meat, Cereals, Bread, Seeds (pumpkin, sesame, watermelon, squash etc.), Chickpeas, Milk etc.
While these are called micronutrients, they are extremely crucial for the development of your child, especially since their deficiency is not seen immediately - it appears in later stages of life. As with macronutrients, there are many foods that need to be eaten to meet the micronutrient requirements. However, considering that their tummy is small, focus on feeding nutrient-dense foods like fortified cereals which will help nourish your little one and avoid nutritional gaps.
Disclaimer: All the information provided in the blog is for reference purposes only. Please do not consider this as a medical advice. Start Healthy Stay Healthy programme is for educational purposes only, in partnership with doctors. Always consult a doctor if you have any questions related to your own health or the health of your child.