Mustard oil uses start from its seeds and ends in its oil form. The Mustard seeds origin dates back to the ancient culture of Greece, Rome, and India. Around the 1700s the technique came into existence that edible oil can be extracted from these mustard seeds and used for cooking. Mustard oil benefits in medicine have travelled the time from Ayurveda for its cleansing, revitalizing and stimulating properties. Let’s learn all about mustard oil and evaluate if it is really good for your health.
Table Of Content
What Is Mustard Oil?
Commonly known in India as Sarso Ka Tel or Kachchi Ghani ka tel.
‣ The frequent mustard oil use as edible oil is due to its pungent in odour which stimulates appetite and smell. The mustard oil plant belongs to the Brassica family.
‣ The harvesting season is around September while the cultivation has to be started around March or April. Thus the seeds grow within roughly 85 to 90 days.
‣ The bright yellow flowers are a significant indication of mustard seed cultivation. The seeds are black, light brown or pale white in colour depending on the variety of the mustard oil plant.
‣ The cultivation is seen in India, Pakistan, China, Bangladesh and Canada.
How Is Mustard Oil Extracted?
The seeds of the mustard plants are yielded before completely growing into matured seeds as they tear and drop on their own.
‣ Mustard oil or sarso ka tel is extracted by two methods, pressing the seeds or grinding the seeds. The difference in the method determines the feasible mustard oil uses providing the consumer with the right mustard oil benefits from each variety.
‣ Grade I mustard oil, also known as Kachchi Ghani ka Tel is extracted by grinding the seeds which retain the natural properties making it a consumable option as edible oil.
‣ Grade II Mustard oil is extracted by pressing the mustard seeds. The mustard oil used from this variety is restricted for internal consumption. Thus here you can cash on mustard oil benefits for hair and mustard oil for skin only.
Nutritional Value Of Mustard Oil
Before you reap the mustard oil benefits, let's look at what lies beneath.
‣ Nutrition Fact: Total Fat = 14g (Unsaturated Fat 12g + Saturated Fat 2g)
‣ The 50% of Monounsaturated fat comes from Erucic Acid.
‣ Due to the high content of Erucic acid which is known to be very toxic and unhealthy, mustard oil is banned in US/ Canada and some European countries for cooking purposes. It can only be used externally in these countries.
‣ Allyl isothiocyanate – imparts the pungent smell and strong flavour for which it is used as an edible oil.
‣ Oleic acid/Omega-6 linoleic acid and omega 3 alpha-linolenic acid contribute to mustard oil benefits for hair and mustard oil for skin.
Mustard Oil Benefits For Hair:
The essential fatty acids like linoleic acid, oleic acid, omega 3 alpha-linolenic acid are the contributors to mustard oil benefits for hair.
‣ Prevents premature hair greying by revitalizing the scalp and augment natural pigmentation which maintains natural black hair.
‣ It provides deep conditioning to the hair and promotes hair growth.
‣ Mustard oil benefits for hair can be gained by a deep and prolonged massage, which increases the blood circulation, making the hair follicles strong hence reduces the hair-fall drastically.
‣ Mustard oil benefits for hair also stem from its antifungal and antibacterial properties curbing dandruff, soothing the itchy scalp and reducing the redness.
Mustard Oil For Skin:
The medicinal use of mustard oil for skin is derived from its antibacterial, antifungal and anti-parasitic properties thus reducing infections on the skin. It tackles conditions like Psoriasis too. Many people use mustard oil for skin as a cosmetic agent due to the Vitamin A, Vitamin B-Complex and Vitamin E in it, which help to revitalize our skin.
Following are the remedies on how to use Mustard oil for skin.
‣ Tan Removal - Mustard oil has Vitamin E which works as a natural sunscreen. Mix mustard oil with gram flour, curd, lemon juice and apply this pack on the affected areas for the 20 min and wash with cold water for tan removal.
‣ Skin Cleanser - Massage lukewarm mixtures of mustard oil and coconut oil before bath. This will increase the blood circulation, improving the shine and texture of the skin by removing toxins and dirt from the pores.
‣ Skin Tightening Agent - Mix mustard oil and sesame oil, massage gently in a circular motion till it gets absorbed and then place a squeezed napkin dipped in warm water and place on the face to relax.
‣ Lip Balm - Prepare a mixture of Mustard oil and petroleum jelly. Apply this mixture on your lips and you will see the glowing pout in your next selfie.
‣ Skin Infection - Mustard oil helps in treating infections like acne, fungal and bacterial infection. For this, make a paste of 2-4 Saffron strands, gram flour, sandalwood powder, turmeric powder, mustard seeds and mustard oil. Use it as a scrubber on the skin then take a bath.
Mustard Oil For Oral Care
Mustard oil benefits contribute to an excellent oral hygiene as an inexpensive, simple to use option.
‣ Gum Treatment - Gum disease that leads to smelly breath, gum inflammation and bleeding can be curbed by regular mustard oil use. Simply massage your gums with mustard oil and a pinch of salt after brushing your teeth.
‣ Shinier And White Teeth - Brush your teeth with regular toothpaste, gargle and then gently scrub over your teeth with mustard oil mixed with lemon and salt for shinier white teeth.
‣ Mouthwash - Mix a few drops of mustard oil in warm water and rinse your mouth gently before you brush your teeth. Do this as a 5 min exercise around 4 times a week and it will ensure fresh breath.
Mustard Oil For Cooking
I would keep this an optional use and leave it for you to decide if to include Mustard oil as a cooking oil in your daily life. Mustard oil for cooking has been prohibited in many countries due to the component of erucic acid, which may lead to unhealthy heart muscles and increase the risk of heart diseases especially if any heart patients already in-house avoid this oil completely.
‣ Odour - The pungent smell and stinging flavour enhance the taste of food hence making it a regular oil in many households in India.
‣ Frying - You will see it predominantly in North Indian cuisines where it is also used for deep frying or giving tadka over the food which adds flavours and layers of taste in the cuisine.
Mustard Oil For Babies
We will limit the use of mustard oil or ‘sarso ka tel’ for babies to external use only. Remember to conduct a patch test to check if the mustard oil has any side effects on the infants.
‣ Massage Oil - It strengthens the bone and blood circulation. It also keeps the body warm and releases toxins from the body by opening up the pores.
‣ Skin Infection - The antibacterial and antifungal properties help in eliminating any type of skin infections.
‣ Cold And Cough Treatment - Add few clove pods and heat the oil, bring it to lukewarm temperature and massage gently on the chest this will remove nasal congestions and cure a cough and cold.
‣ Asthma Management - Mix a few drops of mustard oil with a small quantity of camphor and heat it, then once it gets to lukewarm temperature, massage a mixture on the chest to relieve asthma.
Mustard Oil For Medicinal Uses
Mustard oil benefits are utilised through different Ayurvedic therapies. The oil is used in a strategic way by balancing it with other agents or ingredients, hence overcoming the mustard oil side effects.
‣ Respiratory Infections - Mustard oil helps to treat a cough, cold, sinusitis, asthma, bronchitis as well as chronic conditions like tuberculosis. Mix mustard oil and coconut oil, warm it up and apply generously on the chest while massaging and it will gradually relieve you from congestion due to cold and cough.
‣ Rejuvenate Entire Body - Mustard oil helps revitalize the whole body just add a few drops of mustard oil in hot water bath. Massaging mustard oil and sesame oil on tummy will help you burn excess fat as well as help in digestion.
Potential Mustard Oil Side Effects
Mustard oil side effects arise if you use the wrong variant for the wrong use. Hence be careful which oil you choose. Mustard oil benefits can be easily obtained from a good brand, you can decide on the best fit for you by a little research.
‣ Do not use essential mustard oil as edible oil it can cause adverse effects as the essential oil is a highly concentrated form.
‣ Always dilute the mustard oil with other ingredients or carrier oils.
‣ Do not forget the patch tests. If you experience any side effects or irritation, do not continue further, especially for babies.
‣ As mentioned the erucic acid has proven to be harmful to the heart and lungs, hence try to avoid using it too much in cooking.
‣ There is a report where mustard oil for cooking was banned in Delhi in 1998 to address the cases of Dropsy due to adulterated mustard oil, a condition which is the most severe form of edema where soft tissue swelling to a great extent and fluid accumulation starts.
‣ Pregnant ladies should be restricted from use of mustard oil as edible oil at all times.
Mustard oil benefits have helped it garner fame as Indian gold oil. After evaluating the pros and cons I would highly recommend to limit the mustard oil use and take what’s good and lead a better life with mustard oil health benefits. We can surely compromise on the flavour part until we get a new study suggesting that is safe and sound to use it for cooking. Resort to mustard oil benefits for hair and mustard oil for the skin as the safest bet. So get busy nourishing your hair and skin with mustard oil use while we shall update you once we see the safe sign.