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mother breastfeeding baby

Breast milk is the best milk for your baby. And choosing the best milk for your infant is important to ensure that your child has a healthy and happy growth.

Breastmilk is the best food that an infant can get which has all the required macro as well as micronutrients. It has the essential tummy friendly and growth nutrients that keep the baby healthy and happy. Proteins, Carbohydrates and Fats known as macronutrients are required in substantial amounts to support some of the major process involved in growth. Similarly, micronutrients like vitamins and minerals play a vital role in the healthy development of an infant.

In absence of breastmilk, you should choose the milk which can provide these tummy friendly and growth nutrients in the right amount. Let us see how these nutrients found in breastmilk play an important role for your child:-


Proteins are the building blocks of a healthy body and play a substantial role in the overall growth and development of an individual. For infants less than 1 year, proteins need to be an important part of their diet which supports rapid growth and development,.

Breastmilk is the source of protein needed by a baby as per her age for healthy growth and development in the initial years. Milk protein can be classified into two groups: Whey and Casein. Whey is the predominant part of breastmilk and depending on the stage of milk, whey protein in the Breastmilk varies between 80-50%.

Whereas, casein is the prominent protein in cow’s milk with the ratio of Whey to Casein as 19:81. High casein content is undesirable for infants as it forms a tough, hard to digest curd which is difficult to digest by young infants. And it may lead to digestive issues. The composition of breastmilk adapts as per the changing needs of the infants whereas whole cow’s milk composition is unable to adapt to the infant’s changing requirements.

Also, cow’s milk has 3 times more protein than breastmilk which can also put a lot of stress in infants immature digestive system.

Vitamins and Minerals

Micronutrients like Vitamin A, B, C, D, Iron, Zinc, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus etc. participate in many bodily processes. They are required in traces but are essential for proper growth, development and effective functioning of the body.

Minerals are present in breastmilk in appropriate amounts which is compatible with the baby’s body weight and it’s requirements for healthy growth. For infants less than 1 year these essential minerals put less stress on the baby’s kidneys as they are present in the right quantity. In contrast, cows‘ milk contains amounts of minerals necessary to cover the requirements of the fast-growing calf. Hence they are present is excessive quantities which stress the baby’s kidneys, thereby it may cause digestive discomfort.

Therefore you should choose the milk that has tummy friendly and growth nutrients like proteins, vitamins and minerals in the right proportion which supports the growth and development of your baby. Your child’s happy growth starts from tummies and grows from there.

To know more about the right milk to give your baby talk to your paediatrician.

Disclaimer- All the information provided is for reference purposes only. Please do not consider this as a medical advice. Start Healthy Stay Healthy programme is for educational purposes only, in partnership with doctors. Always consult a doctor if you have any questions related to your own health or the health of your child.

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