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You might have read or heard the phrase ectopic pregnancy somewhere. But even if you haven’t, an ectopic pregnancy is something you should definitely know about. From fertilization to delivery, pregnancy requires a number of steps in a woman’s body. One of these steps is when a fertilized egg travels to the uterus to attach itself. In the case of an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg does not attach to the uterus. Instead, it may attach to the fallopian tube, abdominal cavity, or cervix. And since the egg can develop properly only if it is attached to the uterus, an ectopic pregnancy can cause multiple complications. Just to help you understand more about this condition, we would like to tell you about the causes and symptoms of this condition.

Causes

1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

This is a disease that can be caused due to a chlamydia or a gonorrhoea infection. PID can create scar tissue in the fallopian tube thereby hindering the correct placement and development of the fetus.

2. Previous surgeries

Any kind of previous surgeries in the pelvic area can create adhesions which, in turn, can lead to improper fetus placement. If you have had any type of surgery then it is important that you consult your doctor once while trying to conceive.

3. Abnormal growth

Any kind of an abnormal growth or a birth defect can also lead to an abnormality in the tube’s shape. Due to an improper shape of the tube, it is possible that the fetus will not be able to attach properly to the uterine wall and will attach somewhere else instead.

4. Hormonal factors

Hormonal imbalance is a fairly common thing. But, sometimes, this hormonal imbalance can affect and hurt the fallopian tubes which, in turn, can lead to improper development and positioning of the fetus.

Symptoms

The various symptoms related to an ectopic pregnancy are mentioned below. 

1. Experiencing sharp waves of pain in the abdomen, shoulder, pelvis or neck

2. Repeated cases of dizziness or even fainting

3. Having light to heavy vaginal spotting or bleeding.

4. Severe pain on just one side of the abdomen

5. The breasts getting more tender than usual without doing anything.

6. Increased urination and a sense of rectal pressure that you just cannot explain.

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