Pregnancy is also known as gestation, is the time period during which one or more offsprings develop inside a woman. A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring. As the famous quote says, “A baby is something you carry inside you for nine months, in your arms for three years and in your heart until the day you die“, pregnancy is one amongst the most important and most valuable moments of a woman's life.
There are various symptoms and signs which proves that a woman is expecting i.e. she's pregnant. During Pregnancy a woman needs to go through various pregnancy stages and trimesters. Although a woman suffers tremendous pain during pregnancy still she smiles for the little soul that grows inside her.
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For some women, the earliest symptoms or signs of pregnancy appear in the first few weeks after conception. But even before a woman misses her period, she may suspect or hope that she's pregnant. Pregnancy symptoms vary in their intensity, frequency and duration. Many early pregnancy symptoms can appear similar to routine pre-menstrual discomforts. Following are the early signs or symptoms of pregnancy checklist.
Tender swollen breasts
Your breasts may provide one of the first as well as early signs or symptoms of pregnancy. As early as two weeks after conception, hormonal changes may make your breasts tender, tingly or sour or your breasts may feel fuller or heavier.
Fatigue and tiredness also rank high among early symptoms of pregnancy. During early pregnancy, levels of the hormone progesterone soar. In high enough doses, progesterone can put you to sleep. At the same time lower blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure and increased blood production may team up to sap your energy during pregnancy.
Slight bleeding or cramping
Sometimes a small amount of spotting or vaginal bleeding is one of the early signs of pregnancy. Known as implantation bleeding, it happens when the fertilised egg attaches to the lining of the uterus. This type of bleeding is usually a bit earlier, spottier and lighter in colour than a longer period and doesn't last as long. Some women also experience abdominal cramping early in pregnancy. These cramps are similar to menstrual cramps.
Morning sickness, which can strike at any time of the day or night is one of the classic symptoms or signs of pregnancy. For some women the queasiness begins as early as two weeks after conception. Nausea seems to stem at least in part from rapidly rising levels of estrogen, which causes the stomach to empty more slowly. Pregnant women also have a heightened sense of smell, so various odours, such as foods cooking, perfume or cigarette smoke, may cause waves of nausea in early pregnancy.
If you're pregnant, you probably know some of the basic pregnancy advice about taking care of yourself and the baby : don't smoke or be around secondhand smoke, don't drink and get your rest. Here are more pregnancy tips, from taking vitamins to what to do with the kitty litter, that can help ensure safe and healthy prenatal development.
Take a prenatal vitamin
Even when you're still trying to conceive, it's better to start taking prenatal vitamins. Your baby's neural cords, which becomes the brain and spinal cord, develops within the first month of pregnancy, so it's important that you get essential nutrients, like folic acid, calcium and iron from the very beginning.
Staying active is important for your general health and can help you reduce your stress, pregnancy weight gain, control your weight, improve circulation, boost your mood and sleep better. Take a pregnancy exercise class or walk at least 15 to 20 minutes every day at a moderate pace, in cool, shaded areas or indoors in order to prevent overheating.
Change up chores
Even everyday tasks like scrubbing the bathroom or cleaning up after pets can become risky when you're pregnant. Exposure to toxic chemicals, lifting heavy objects or coming in contact with bacteria can harm you and your baby.
Track your weight gain
We know you're eating for two. But packing on too many extra pounds may make them hard to lose later. At the same time, not gaining enough weight can put the baby at risk for a low weight birth, a major cause of development problems.
Eat folate-rich foods
In addition to drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water each day, you should eat five or six well-balanced meals with plenty of folate-rich foods like fortified cereals, asparagus, lentils, wheat germ, oranges and orange juice.
A normal full-term pregnancy is 40 weeks and can range from 37 to 42 weeks. It's divided into three trimesters. Each trimester lasts between 12 and 14 weeks or about three months. Each trimester comes with its own specific hormonal and physiological changes. Being aware of the ways that you're growing baby is affecting your body will help you to better prepare yourself for these changes as they happen. It's also helpful to be aware of the specific risk factors for each of the three trimesters.
Pregnancy date counting starts with the first day of your last normal menstruation cycle, and conception takes place in week 2. The first trimester lasts from the first through the 13th week of pregnancy. Although you may not look pregnant during the first trimester, your body is going through enormous changes as it accommodates a growing baby.
The second trimester (weeks 13 to 27) is the most comfortable period of time for the majority of pregnant women. Most of the early pregnancy symptoms will gradually disappear. You will likely feel a surge in energy level during the daytime and be able to enjoy a more restful night's sleep.
The third trimester lasts from the 28th week through to the birth of your baby. During the third trimester, you will start seeing your health care provider more frequently. Your doctor will frequently test your urine for protein, check your blood pressure, listen to the fetal heart rate, check your hand and legs for any swelling and so on.
Pregnancy is a time unlike any other in your life. It's important to see your healthcare provider regularly to ensure the best outcome. Babies born to mother who receives prenatal care have much better outcomes than babies born to women who don't. It's important to know the pregnancy symptoms and signs. It's also important to follow sleep the pregnancy tips given by your doctor.