Exanthem, also known as exanthema, is a widespread rash that is commonly observed in children. It can be caused by an array of things such as – toxins, drugs, microorganisms or even from your own immune system.
Exanthema is a contagious condition and can be easily passed on from one person to another. To prevent this from happening, proper care must be taken so as not to spread the infection. Since it is a viral infection, it mostly targets children and young adults who are not yet immune to all types of viral infections. If at all an adult gets a viral rash, it is most commonly because of a drug reaction.
Widely, the following types of exanthema are observed among children – measles, rubella, varicella or chickenpox, fifth disease, roseola, etc.
Signs and Symptoms:
The appearance of a pinkish-red rash, that spreads over a great patch of the skin. This rash could be accompanied with bumps on the skin. The rash may or may not be very itchy and generally appears on arms, legs, and the upper torso. This could be accompanied by illness, fever, fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, irritability and pain in some body parts.
Go to the doctor if the following symptoms become too severe and if it becomes too unbearable for the patient to handle it:
· Temperature over 101 degrees for more than one day.
· Severe headache, stiff neck, unconsciousness or seizures.
· Diarrhea and severe abdominal pain.
· Severe cough and sputum with blood.
· Swollen, painful blisters accompanied by red eyes, mouth or tongue.
· Red rashes that are too bright and show no signs of recovery.
For mild rashes, not a lot of care is required as the rashes disappear on their own and can be taken care of by basic medicine, these last only for a few days and do not cause severe harm. Acetaminophen could be a reliable drug for lowering the fever and reducing aches or pains. It is advisable for the patient to constantly rehydrate by taking in a lot of liquids and getting ample rest. You can use moisturizers to make your skin supple and prevent it from getting dry and itchy. Also, wash your skin clean and dab it with a soft cloth at regular intervals (do not rub, as this may further worsen the rashes).
Your physician may conduct a series of blood tests to find out the exact cause and source of your exanthema, after which you will be prescribed the antibiotics for the same. Oral antihistamines are advisable in case you feel too much itching.
There are various immunizations that are available these days to prevent you from getting these viral infections. In case of painful and itchy rashes, your physician may prescribe you tropical ointments or steroids. Regardless of the severity of your condition, you ought to visit your physician since these viral infections could at times, be deadly. They pose health risks that are as grave as going into a coma and death in extreme cases. So it would be a wise decision to give your doctor a quick visit.