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Everything You Should Know About Fibroids in Women

With the new kinds of research being done new types of illnesses have started surfacing. Also, with the changes going on in our bodies and around us in the environment, humans have started getting exposed to new illnesses that vary from the usual ones in multiple ways. One such illness that tends to affect a woman’s uterus is known as Fibroids. So let us tell you about this disease.

What are Fibroids?

Fibroids are the most frequently seen tumours of the female reproductive system. Fibroids, also known as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibromas, are firm, compact tumours that are made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that develop in the uterus. Sometimes, these tumours become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods.

What causes Fibroids?

Although it is not completely clear why fibroids develop, there are several factors that may influence their formation.These are-

1. Hormones

Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones produced by the ovaries. They cause the uterine lining to regenerate during each menstrual cycle and may stimulate the growth of fibroids.

2. Family History

Fibroids may run in the family. If your mother, sister, or grandmother has a history of this condition, you may develop it as well.

3. Pregnancy

Pregnancy increases the production of estrogen and progesterone in your body. Fibroids may develop and grow rapidly while you are pregnant.

What are its symptoms?

Some women who have fibroids have no symptoms, or have only mild symptoms, while other women have more severe, disruptive symptoms. The following are the most common symptoms for fibroids, however, each individual may experience symptoms differently.

- Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods

- Abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods

- Pelvic pain

- Frequent urination

- Low back pain

- Pain during intercourse

- A firm mass, often located near the middle of the pelvis, which can be felt by the physician

In some cases, the heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, or the abnormal bleeding between periods, can lead to iron-deficiency anaemia, which also requires treatment.

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