Eczema is a medical condition in which patches of skin become dry, rough, red and itchy. It often appears in the first few months after birth and can be easily controlled with the right treatment. The condition mostly occurs on their cheeks, neck, back and the joints of their arms and legs. It is important to remember that it is not permanent and that it goes away by itself.
Eczema can occur if an infant’s parents have it, as it could be a medical condition that runs in the family. Another cause of its occurrence is when their skin lets out the moisture and the bacteria that has settled in. It can also happen when your baby does not have enough number of fat cells and when their skin becomes dry.
A few things that might be making this condition worse are:
1. Dry skin, that is, when you don’t moisturise your baby’s skin
3. Harsh body soap or perfumes
4. Food items that may cause allergies
Don’t fret and run to your doctor if your baby has eczema, as you can treat them at home. All you have to do is give your baby a lukewarm bath with a good moisturising soap. After this, moisturise your little one with a baby body lotion or a good oil massage. Dress them in comfortable clothing, nothing with itchy wool as this will only irritate your baby more. Keep in mind to use a gentle baby soap and to pat dry their skin instead of rubbing it dry. Be as careful as possible.
As your baby will feel itchy, they will try to scratch themselves. To prevent them from itching, cut their nails or use mittens so they don’t end up scratching themselves too hard and bleed. You can even put on an ointment or cream that focuses on reducing the inflammation.
Make a call to your trusted doctor when you feel that this condition is not getting any better even after a week. If you find a few pus-filled blisters on top of eczema, it is better to get professional help.
Prevention is always better than cure. So, prevent your baby from getting eczema by breastfeeding, keeping them away from food they might be allergic to, taking probiotics during pregnancy, sticking to skin-friendly cotton fabrics and also make making sure to cut their nails.