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Babies that are suffering from tummy problems generally tend to get fussier. You may notice your baby crying more frequently, crying differently, or throwing sudden uncalled for tantrums. This could mean that your little one is in some kind of discomfort and has no other way of showing it. Tummy troubles in babies could be caused due to various reasons: 

-Food allergies/lactose intolerance

-Gas

-Colic

-Diarrhoea

-Constipation

-Reflux

-Stomach flu

-Intestinal blockage

-Parasites

These issues can have additional symptoms like pain and burning sensations in the stomach. To make sure your little one is out of this discomfort ASAP, here are some measures you can take to deal with a few common stomach problems: 

1. Allergies

If you suspect that your baby might be allergic to certain foods or milk products, the best plan of action would be to go to your doctor to get it confirmed. Food or milk allergies can lead to a range of problems including diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach ache, rashes, and a swollen tongue. These will tend to manifest within a couple of hours of eating the allergen food. Your doctor may suggest cutting certain foods out of your baby’s diet and/or pausing milk intake.

2. Gas

A gas build-up can cause stomach aches due to the pressure that the pent-up gas exerts on your baby’s intestines. This buildup may occur due to different reasons including immaturity of your baby’s digestive tract to process the food that he/she is being fed, inadequate feeding methods, or a change in diet which occurs when you start your baby on solids. To combat gas pains, make sure that you burp your baby after every feeding to let out any trapped gas. Change the feeding position to ensure that correct latching is occurring in order to prevent your baby from swallowing air while feeding. You could also try giving your baby a massage in the stomach and back regions which can also help displace gas. If the pain still persists, consult your doctor about possible dietary changes that may help make the problem go away.

3. Diarrhoea

This could be caused because of infections and other issues, and is often a symptom of other tummy issues. You know your baby has diarrhoea when his/her bowel movements are more watery and looser than normal. When dealing with diarrhoea, the first thing to keep in mind is regaining lost fluid. Diarrhoea leads to loss of a lot of fluid from the body and in order to combat this, you must ensure that your baby gets a lot of water along with salts and minerals that are also lost. ORS helps replenish both of these. Avoid juices as the sugar leads to more water excretion. Sometimes, it goes away on its own; if not, pay your doctor a visit to find out what’s causing the diarrhoea and cure the issue. Severe diarrhoea can also lead to severe dehydration, so face the issue before it gets to that point.

4. Constipation

Constipation occurs when your baby doesn’t take a poo. It is when bowel movements are very infrequent and is a common problem with babies, especially babies who have just started eating solid foods. Constipation can lead to pain due to a system backup. The best way to make it go away is to ensure that your baby gets a lot of fluids like juice and avoids foods that are known to cause constipation (like cheese). Try feeding your baby foods that will lead to looser stool (oatmeal, apricots, prunes, etc.), and reduce the feeding of food that leads to more solid stool (apple, rice, squash, etc.). If it’s a severe case, visit your doctor; your doctor may prescribe certain medicines to help bowel movements.   

5. Reflux

Reflux is the term used for spitting up or vomiting after a feeding. This contains gastric acid and is a common condition in many babies which occurs due to malfunctioning of the valve between the oesophagus and the stomach. Reflux can lead to a lot of discomforts due to the acid causing a burning sensation and irritating the throat and chest. Ways to deal with it include changed feeding positions or ensuring that your baby stays upright after feeding to prevent the gastric acid from coming up the oesophagus; keep your baby’s head elevated. Go to a doctor for medications that might help if the problem seems to be severe.

Above all, the best way to deal with stomach issues is to prevent them. Know what is good for your baby and what can lead to problems and make sure that your little one gets a balanced diet to prevent too much gassy food or loose motions causing food. Identify allergens and avoid them as much as possible when feeding your baby. If you feel like the problem isn’t going away or like it’s severe, causing extreme discomfort, do not hesitate to visit the doctor!  

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