You may feel that your baby is falling sick very often. This happens because babies can get affected by infections very easily as their immunity system is not well developed against infections. They will get affected by 8-12 colds in a year. So it is essential for parents to take care of their babies and have a good knowledge of how to keep them free from baby infection and how to understand the condition is serious. But most of these infections are not much severe and will not last for a long time. As they will grow up, they will fall sick rarely. It is always advised to consult a doctor whenever you are baby gets affected by any infection including a blood infection.
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What Are The Causes Of Infections In A Baby?
A baby may fall sick during birth or the first week after his birth. Infections in babies who are newly born are caused by bacteria that live in the birth canal. At first, the symptoms of bacterial infection in babies are not much noticeable but as the bacteria multiply the baby fall sick fast. Once the infection is diagnosed, it should be treated immediately otherwise the baby’s condition may worsen. Newborns are also affected by cold and flu, chicken pox, herpes which are caused by a virus before birth or during delivery. Viral infections are also caused after birth when the baby comes in contact with someone already affected by a viral infection.
What Are The Symptoms Associated With The Infection That Affect A Baby?
If your baby develops an infection for the first time, the following symptoms will occur:
‣ He will not eat well
‣ He will feel sleepy
‣ Feel irritable
‣ A normal temperature will not be maintained
‣ A change in behaviour will occur.
‣ When the infection becomes severe, then serious symptoms occur:
‣ Skin becomes pale or greyish
‣ Face breathing problem
‣Reddening of the skin along with swelling
‣ The appearance of skin blisters
‣ Discharge of yellowish fluid from the eyes
What Are The Most Common Infections That Affect A Baby?
1. Bacterial And Viral Infections:
It is a viral infection and it causes a skin rash on the body. It is very itchy and develops symptoms that are associated with flu.
‣ Causes: It is usually caused by a virus that causes painful skin rash known as shingles. Moreover, it being contagious can spread from an infected baby to his siblings.
‣ Symptoms: This type of baby infection occurs with symptoms of fever, sore throat, stomach pain along with a headache. These symptoms last for 3-4 days followed by a fever. Itchy red skin rashes appear as small red bumps that slowly appear as fluid-filled blisters. For babies with a weak immune system, the rashes spread wider.
‣ Treatment: If the sores are infected by bacteria, then antibiotics are required for the treatment. Antiviral medications are also prescribed for babies who are affected by chicken pox and the condition is complicated. You can also apply cool and wet compresses or give her baby a bath in lukewarm water twice every day. Apply pain-relieving creams on the sores.
2. Skin Infections
Itchy rashes are very common skin infections. But baby skin infection like eczema can be very troublesome and due to scratching it becomes worse.
‣ Causes: Atopic dermatitis is the most common cause of eczema that affects babies. If a baby is sensitive to certain allergens present in the environment such as dust, pollens etc then it will cause skin inflammation, along with redness and appearance of sore.
‣ Symptoms: Due to eczema, the skin becomes itchy, dry and reddening of the skin occurs. Small bumps appear on a baby’s cheeks or scalp. Open lesions are also seen in the affected area.
‣ Treatment: Creams, as well as ointments, are prescribed by doctors that are applied two times daily apart from oral antibiotics which are mainly used in case of secondary infections. You should try to prevent drying of your baby's skin and thus avoid hot baths and too much scrubbing of your baby's body after bath.
3. Ear Infections:
Middle Ear Infections:
When a baby gets affected by an ear infection, the middle ear gets filled up with pus which is the infected fluid. The pus sometimes creates too much pain by pushing in the middle eardrum.
‣ Causes: It occurs when viruses or bacteria enter the middle ear.
‣ Symptoms: Pain that occurs in the ear is the main symptom of an infection that occurs in the middle ear of a baby. Some babies are also affected by fever and they face difficulty to eat, drink or sleep as they feel the pain in the middle ear while doing so.
‣ Treatment: In the case of this infection, doctors like to examine whether ear infection symptoms go away on their own. Hence they do not prescribe antibiotics. But babies are prescribed medicines to get relief from the pain. If your baby gets affected by such infection very often, they make use of home remedies for an ear infection or use ear drops and antibiotics after consulting a doctor.
4. Eye infections:
This eye infection is seen in many young kids. It is known to be contagious. It is a minor eye infection and is not much serious.
‣ Causes: Such baby eye infection is usually caused by several viruses as well as bacteria that are responsible for causing colds along with other infections such as ear infections, sore throats as well as sinus infections.
‣ Symptoms: The most common symptom of conjunctivitis is discomfort in the eye apart from the reddening or pink coloured eye. Watery discharge from the eye also occurs along with pain as well as swelling of the eye.
‣ Treatment: Doctors recommend using eye drops, but if you face any problem with the eye drops then make use of antibiotic ointment. One can also apply compresses either cool or warm on the baby’s eyes to make them feel comfortable when affected by conjunctivitis.
As the baby’s immune system slowly becomes strong, the baby infection fades away. But after birth, the common infections could develop more and create major problems. So parents should take their babies for checkups on a regular basis and maintain proper hygiene to prevent any infections from affecting them.
DISCLAIMER: This article has been written for informative purposes only. Please do consult your doctor if your child has any infection and seek their advice. A direct and specific evaluation from your doctor is much more valuable than anything you would find on the Internet.