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Young children are not only growing physically during early childhood, but they are also growing mentally. Cognitive skills are the skills the brain uses to think, learn, read, remember, pay attention, and solve problems. They are also the skills that are measured to determine IQ. Everyone has some skills that are stronger than others. From birth, babies begin to actively learn. They gather, sort, and process information from around them, using the data to develop perception and thinking skills. 

Cognitive development refers to how a person perceives, thinks, and gains an understanding of his or her world through the interaction of genetic and learned factors. The good news is that cognitive skills are not permanent. If weak skills are identified, they can be improved through cognitive training, often called brain training. Brain training uses fun, challenging mental exercises to target and improve weak cognitive skills.

Cognitive skill development in children involves the progressive building of learning skills, such as attention, memory and thinking. These crucial skills enable children to process sensory information and eventually learn to evaluate, analyze, remember, make comparisons and understand cause and effect. Some cognitive skills are attained genetically, but most cognitive skills are learned. That means thinking and learning skills can be improved with practice and the right training.

Some of the skills involve 

1) Attention: Allows you to focus on the activity you are doing for a required amount of time.

2) Memory: This skill allows you to remember the details of the past events.

3) Thinking: The requirement of coming up with different thoughts to tackle the situation is one of the skills.

4) Logic and Reasoning: Logic and reasoning enables you to reason, form ideas, and solve problems.

5) Visual Processing: It is  to understand what you’ve just read, remembering what you’ve read, following directions, reading maps, doing word math problems.

To improve the learning phase you can do these 8 activities along with your child 

1) Sing-a-longs: Sing songs with your child and encourage him to sing along with you.

2) Identify Noises: Have your child identify noises that he hears throughout the day, this will improve the listening skills.

3) Practice the Alphabet: Playing with alphabet puzzles and singing along the alphabet song will be useful .

4) Practice Counting: Making your child count things, make him count anything related to the objects. 

5) Practice Shapes and Colours: Teaching the child different colours and shapes related to any object will improve the cognitive skills.

6) Offer Choices: Making your child decide things when offered with different choices will help develop the decision making skills .

7) Ask Questions: Making children answer questions  will help in logical reasoning .

8) Visit Interesting Places: Take your children out  for any interesting activities where they can learn and understand new things .

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