Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts from the breast cells. Breast cancer mainly occurs in women, but, men are prone to it too. Men have small amounts of breast tissues, even though they do not have breasts like women. Due to the presence of these breast tissues, men are also prone to breast cancer. Sadly, many men are not aware of this truth. Also, men are diagnosed very late when compared to women. Now, let us have a look at the causes, the symptoms, and the prevention of breast cancer.
What Are The Causes Of Breast Cancer?
The following factors might cause breast cancer in men:
Age is one of the most important factors for breast cancer in men. As you age, the chances of breast cancer also increase. Mostly, men between the ages of 60 and 70 have high chances of getting breast cancer.
2. Family History:
Men who have a close relative (either male or female), with the history of breast cancer, have high risks getting breast cancer.
3. Radiation Exposure:
Men, whose chests are exposed to radiation (for treatment or any other reasons), have high chances of developing breast cancer.
4. Klinefelter Syndrome:
Klinefelter syndrome is a condition where a man will possess an additional set of chromosomes. They will have small testicles and will often be infertile. They will have high levels of estrogen (female hormone) synthesis. Due to the high estrogen levels, they will have enlarged breasts. This again increases the chances of breast cancer in men.
5. Excessive Drinking:
High intake of alcohol increases the chances of developing breast cancer in men. Excessive drinking damages the liver, leading to cirrhosis. The liver plays a crucial role in hormone metabolism. Cirrhosis creates a hormonal imbalance, resulting in breast cancer.
6. Testicular Conditions:
Testicle diseases like mumps orchitis, testicular injury, undescended testicles increases the risks of breast cancer in men.
What Are The Symptoms Of Breast Cancer?
The symptoms of breast cancer in men are similar to that of women.
1. Development of lump or swelling on the chest. It is usually painless.
2. Nipple discharge
3. Nipple retraction
4. Breast skin or nipple turning red
5. Skin dimpling
What Are The Treatments For Breast Cancer?
The treatments are same for both men and women with breast cancer. The treatments are,
5. Hormone therapy
It has been discovered that men respond better to hormone therapy when compared to women.
What Are The Preventive Measures?
Although breast cancer cannot be eradicated completely, there are certain ways to reduce the risks of breast cancer.
1. Maintain the body weight
2. Avoid alcohol
If you note any changes in the chest area, like the formation of lumps or nipple discharge, consult your doctor immediately.