Surrogacy presents itself as the next best answer for the couples who cannot conceive. There is still a lot of controversy surrounding surrogacy. The legal process is also tricky and differs from country to country. After the Indian Government passed new regulations on the surrogacy process in 2015, it no longer remained an option for the international intended parents. Only Indian parents who are married for more than two years can now complete a commercial surrogacy in India. Another law was introduced in 2016 that would make the commercial surrogacy illegal and would require the intended parents to be married for more than five years, along with many other complications, is still under review as of September 2017. In addition to the legality of the surrogacy, here is everything else you need to know.
1. Decide wisely:
Most parents consider surrogacy an option only after years of failed attempts to conceive and unsuccessful pregnancies. If you have failed repeatedly at conceiving and have had miscarriages, surrogacy is a feasible option for you. Think about it before you have already wasted a lot of precious time trying in vain.
The next step in the surrogacy is the In Vitro Fertilization commonly referred to IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization of sperm and eggs to form an embryo by combining them in a laboratory dish. The embryo is then transferred to the uterus. Make sure you check about the legality of IVF and surrogacy in your country and also the laws about surrogate mothers. Get your IVF process done from a registered clinic only.
3. Surrogacy agents:
These are people who work in the field of surrogacy and can arrange for the clinics and donors easily. You may be able to manage your surrogacy procedure yourself and working with an overseas clinic directly but if you need help, you can get yourself a reliable surrogacy agent to take care of things for you.
4. Timeline and Budget:
Depending on the nation you choose for your surrogacy procedure; your expenses can change drastically. Also, the process takes different time in different countries. Discuss these points with your agent and plan your budget and timeline ahead of the time.
5. Decide the date:
You need to decide a date when you want to start with your surrogacy program. The date you choose will determine the timeline of your complete procedure, like the dates of egg donation, IVF, and embryo transfer.
6. Surrogacy options:
You will also need to decide what kind of surrogacy option you want to choose if you have difficulty in carrying a full-time pregnancy. The first option includes that you both go to the clinic and donate your sperm and eggs and the embryo is transferred to a local surrogate mother. Another option is that you can get the embryo frozen in a clinic in your country and fly it overseas where it will be transferred to a local surrogate mother. More options can also be explored by the help of your agent.
7. Donors and Surrogate:
Once you are done until here, the next steps are important should be handled properly with care. After this, you will need to go over the surrogacy laws of your own country as well as the foreign country you have chosen to decide over the sperm donor or the egg donor, should you require them, and have their medical tests done. You will also need to find a surrogate mother (you can largely take the help of your agent and your clinic for doing so).
8. Egg Donation, IVF, Embryo Transfer:
These steps take place fast in succession after a successful donation of eggs and the surrogate is prepared.
9. Pregnancy and Prenatal Care:
If the surrogate mother tests positive for the pregnancy, the clinic starts with the prenatal care for the mother and the baby.
10. Birth of the baby:
Mostly, the obstetrician and the doctor at the clinic monitor the growth of the surrogate baby and determine when the baby is developed fully and ready for delivery.
11. Passport and Citizenship:
It can be a complicated process returning home from the overseas, depending upon the legal strategy chosen. The parents will need to apply for the passport and citizenship of the baby. The basic requirements and legality are set by the rules followed by the home country and the foreign country.