Professionals in any field have their own set of jargons and doctors, nurses and other health professionals are no exception. You may feel overwhelmed with all those medical terms. So, to ease the feeling of being overwhelmed by your pregnancy, here is a list of common terminologies and their definitions.
1. Abortion: Termination of pregnancy either through a medical procedure or by consuming the prescribed medications.
2. Amniotic fluid: The liquid in the uterus in which your baby is floating.
3. Amniotic sac: The sac that contains amniotic fluid and your baby.
4. Anaesthetic: The drug that causes partial or total loss of sensation of a part or of whole body.
5. Antenatal/Prenatal/Antepartum: It means “Before Birth”.
6. Antepartum haemorrhage: bleeding vagina during pregnancy.
7. Birth plan: A written document of a woman’s preferences about her labour and birth.
8. Braxton Hicks Contractions/False Labor: Tightening of the uterus (womb) that may feel like labour contractions.
9. Breaking of water: Bursting of amniotic sac using a pointy tip instrument. It is often done to speed up a labour.
10. Breech: The position in which the baby’s bottom or feet are down instead of head inside the womb.
11. Caesarean Section/C-Section: A surgical procedure to deliver a baby in which a cut is made in abdomen and uterus.
12. Cervix: Lower end of the uterus which is narrow. It softens and opens during the labour. This helps in delivering the baby.
13. Conception/Fertilisation/Impregnation/Insemination: The process of joining a sperm and egg to form a single cell and becoming pregnant due to the same.
14. Contraction: Strong and painful tightening of the uterus during labour.
15. Crowning: Phase of labour in which the top of the baby’s head has reached the external vaginal opening.
16. Ectopic pregnancy: The implantation and growth of fertilized egg outside the uterus, usually in fallopian tube.
17. Embryo: It is the fertilized egg from the phase of conception to eighth week.
18. Fertility: Ability to conceive and carry a baby till the end of pregnancy.
19. First trimester: First 14 weeks of pregnancy.
20. Folic acid: It is a B vitamin that prevents anaemia and reduces the incidence of birth defects.
21. Full term: A normal duration of pregnancy (37-42 weeks gestation)
22. Gestation: The period (in days or weeks) during which the baby is in the uterus.
23. Gestational diabetes: A diabetic condition that develops during pregnancy. It is caused when the blood sugar level of the pregnant woman is too high because of inadequate levels of insulin. The condition is treatable and disappears by itself after pregnancy.
24. Gynaecologist: A doctor with specialized training in women’s health.
25. Haemorrhage: Excessive bleeding
26. In utero: Inside the uterus.
27. Incontinence: It is not having the ability to control the bladder or bowel movements.
28. Induced labour: Healthcare professionals may artificially start a woman’s labour.
29. Labour: The process the woman’s body encounters while delivering the baby.
30. Midwife: A person who is trained to care for pregnant women during all the phases of pregnancy, labour, birth and postpartum.
You've received a simple guide on understanding the information you receive. So don't let the fancy words scare you!