A Parent’s Guide To Head Injuries In Children
Young children tend to fall a lot, whether it is while learning how to walk or just trying new things. Infants and toddlers may sometimes fall off their cradles or beds and end up getting hurt - mildly or even severely sometimes. However, most of these things are just about your child’s body testing it's limited and increasing its endurance at the same time. So, if you feel like your toddler is regularly bumping his/her head on the furniture or just falling and slipping all the time, it’s alright. It is something that all parents go through with their young ones.
However, as a parent, you must be able to identify the injury as a potentially fatal or non-fatal one and seek medical help if the situation so demands. Keep the following things in mind if your baby hits his/her head.
1. Check for symptoms of a concussion
Try and look for symptoms of a concussion as soon as the accident happens or in the coming weeks. Symptoms like bulges on the fontanelles, vomiting, lethargy, high-pitched crying, difficulty in feeding, blurred or double vision, confusion, vomiting or nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness, trouble with maintaining balance, headaches and sensitivity to light and noise are some signs to look out for. Consult a doctor immediately if you encounter any of these symptoms.
2. Check up
To check for concussions, the doctor will perform a basic neurological exam on the baby and check his/her basic reflexes, hearing and vision. In case, after the initial exam, its results are such that there can be something more serious, he/she will perform a CT scan. If the scan shows signs of hematoma or internal bleeding, the doctor will then do the necessary, which will mostly be a surgery, to make sure that the accident doesn’t cause any permanent damage to your baby or end up being life threatening.
3. Avoid physical and mental activities
Children who suffer from concussions should avoid physical and mental activity for a few days after the accident. This means that they should avoid going to their schools, playgrounds, amusement parks and refrain from playing video games.
4. Prevention is better than cure
Although it is almost impossible to prevent all injuries, especially with children, try your best to ensure your child stays clear of possible head injuries. They will fall, get bruises, skin their knees and elbows regularly and, god forbid, even get into something serious even after your best efforts to protect them. What every parent needs to do in such situations is to keep their emotions in check because it is a common problem among kids that you need to be ready for.
Having said that, some things you can do to prevent head injuries are make sure that your child’s cradle or bed is surrounded by pillows or cushions, so they won’t fall off. Children should be made to wear helmets, knee and elbow pads, and other safety equipment whenever they are going out to skate, ride their bikes and so on. Also, always keep a watchful eye on your kids when they’re outdoors to ensure complete safety.