Being an adult is hard work. Life demands your attention as well as concentration each day and moment. While you are busy concentrating on what is happening in your life, the stress you undergo and the habits you practice affect your body inevitably.
Your hair growth cycle consists of 3 phases: the growth, shedding and resting phase. It also disturbs this programmed hair growth cycle - shrinking or destroying the hair follicle and avoiding the hair regeneration. Here are 7 common causes that could be causing the thinning of your hair and creating bald patches.
1. Extreme stress
Highly stressful or life-turning events such as break up, divorce, the death of a family member, bankruptcy, financial problems, etc. could contribute in hair fall. This causes the disturbance of the hair growth cycle or by pushing more hair into the shedding phase. Even severe illness or trauma (such as major surgery or childbirth) could result in hair thinning. Hair loss may start anywhere between 6 weeks to 3 months of time after the disturbing event. The only way to prevent the hair loss caused due to extreme stress is avoiding or letting go of the stressors. This will correct the problem eventually.
2. Lack of nutrients
Your hair is what you eat. Just like the cells in your body, your hair also thrives for a healthy and well-balanced diet. You need a diet rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Restricted, fad or diets with lack of essential nutrients (such as Vitamin C, Proteins, Iron, Zinc, etc.) could affect the hair follicles and hair cells. This makes the hair dry and brittle, resulting in the thinning of hair to patches of baldness.
3. Low estrogen
The amount of estrogen in your body is directly is proportional to the thickness of hair. During pregnancy, the women’s estrogen levels are high resulting in thick hair. After childbirth, it is pretty normal to have dropped levels of estrogen as the hormones are approaching the normal levels. This causes the hair to fall out. The estrogen level could also decline during menopause.
4. Extreme hair care
In the attempt of looking stylish and trying different stylish hairdos, what we often forget is we are causing significant damage and breakage to our hair strands. Hairstyles such as tight braids, cornrows, pig-tails, weaves, hot-oil treatments, chemical relaxers etc. could put the hair under constant strain. Even shampooing and blow-drying too frequently, using heated styling tools such as the dryer and hair straightener could affect the hair follicles - causing hair thinning.
5. Weight loss and crash diets
In your body, everything is interdependent. If you decide not to provide all the essential nutrients to your body, the body will take down the internal organs, causing hairfall. The diet you decide to practice to lose your weight in a short span of time could shock your system. Usually, hair thinning occurs within three to six months after shedding your weight. Then, the hair cycle starts to correct itself.
The physical appearance and the behaviour of a human being are determined by the environment in which he has been brought up. This is also dependent on the genes that are inherited. If hair loss runs in your family, the chances are you may have inherited it from either of your parents or both of your parents. This causes the hair thinning or hair loss.
Once you are over the age of 40, your hair starts to thin. With age, your body keeps shedding the hair - but loses the ability to renew and regenerate it. Also with age, hormones such as estrogen and progesterone falls while androgen (a male hormone) rises. This results in the thinning of hair, hair loss and greying.