It is easier to eliminate a particular phenomenon if its root cause is known. Likewise, miscarriages are experiences that no mother ever wants to go through and hence it becomes important to know its causes. If the origin is known, one can take steps to avoid the phenomenon altogether.
Meaning, if you know that you get the flu because of reasons like – improper hygiene, bad diet, lack of exercise, etc. you can do something to eliminate these factors so as to ensure that you do not catch the flu. Here are 6 of the most common causes of a miscarriage:
1. Genetic or Chromosomal Abnormalities.
About half the miscarriages happen due to chromosomal abnormalities such as – Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis or Turner syndrome. You may feel that there isn’t really anything that you can do about this because it is out of your control. You are partly right, partly wrong. Our body knows what is good for it and what isn’t. So, there is an internal system which knows that it should shut down if the chromosomes go awry. While this is not completely in your control, a miscarriage in such a case actually prevents further harm.
About 1 in 4 women suffer a miscarriage due to obesity. The best way to avoid this would be to plan your pregnancy and consult a doctor if and when you plan to have a baby. The doctor may then advise you according to your age, weight and other such factors. You can take steps to become healthier before going ahead with your decision to have a baby. Also, it is imperative to not gain too much weight during the course of your pregnancy.
3. Uterus Abnormalities.
Genetic abnormalities of the uterus are another common reason for the occurrence of miscarriages. Septum, a widely known condition is easy to treat if properly diagnosed. A septum is an extra piece of tissue in the uterus which has a different blood supply than the rest of the uterus. This can be prevented by getting a full check-up done before you plan to have a baby.
4. Drugs and Smoking.
Most of us will agree that this is a factor that we can control. Most doctors advise quitting drugs, smoking and even drinking to families that are planning a pregnancy. These things increase the risk of a miscarriage since they have high levels of toxic chemicals. The bright side, however, is that a cup of coffee every day is not an issue.
Mycoplasma infections that happen in the lining of the uterus can lead to miscarriages. This is generally caused by sudden changes in the body’s flora or a change in acidity that causes bacterial overgrowth. Women who have multiple gynaecological procedures are more at risk of going through one of these infections.
Low progesterone levels in the second half of the cycle, also known as the Luteal phase defect, can create problems during implantation. Hypothyroidism and diabetes are two other hormonal problems that can lead to a miscarriage. The good news is that hormones can now be artificially controlled, and hence reduce the chances of a miscarriage.