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5 Most Common Childhood Illnesses and How to Treat Them

A child’s immune system is considerably weak as compared to that of an adult. And thus they are more susceptible to getting ill. So, it is important for the parents to know what all illnesses their little one is susceptible to and be ready to give them the basic treatment. In order to help you in this, we have made a list of 5 such common diseases that might affect your child.

1. Common Cold

The most obvious illness that a child tends to encounter is the common cold. Especially in the winters when the temperature drops down and the noses start running. You as a mother need to be both physically and mentally be prepared. Clean their nose often, give them warm water and most of all make them wear proper warm clothes.

2. Hand, foot and mouth disease

This disease is primarily caused by enteroviruses and its symptoms include a low-grade fever followed by sores or blisters in the mouth, on the palms, fingers, soles of the feet, and on the buttocks. Also, this particular disease is highly contagious and tends to worsen if the child has a vitamin A deficiency. So, eating a diet rich in leafy greens, squashes and liver can help shorten the duration of the illness. In order to reduce the severe pain that the child feels, some pain medications are also included in the treatment.

3. Chickenpox

A more contagious illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots all over the body. Its symptoms develop about 14 to 16 days after the exposure to the virus and include a fever, headache, cough, and a sore throat. It takes almost 10 days after the virus infestation for the child to stop being contagious. Though there is no particular treatment for this illness, vitamins believed to be beneficial to those suffering from chickenpox include vitamin B-12, vitamin A, D, E, and K.

4. RSV illness

Respiratory Syncytial Virus affects a child’s lungs. In most cases, the symptoms are relatively minor and mirror those of a cold. But for preemies and children who have a compromised immune system, a congenital heart condition, or chronic lung disease, it can become serious in a hurry and can cause either bronchiolitis or pneumonia. It is important that the treatment for this particular disease is done strictly under the supervision of a doctor. You need to be extra careful especially if your child has any pre-existing medical condition.

5. Gastroenteritis

This illness is a primary cause of diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting most often caused by the rotavirus infection, E. coli, Salmonella or parasites. Its symptoms tend to include abdominal cramps but may sometimes also include a fever, nausea, vomiting and dehydration. For treating this illness, an over-the-counter probiotic can help shorten the duration of the illness while the child takes ample fluids to prevent dehydration.

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