India, the land of multiple religions, languages, regions and seasons. But believe it or not, even though the seasons too are diverse in India, the one season that is the closest to everyone’s heart is Monsoon. No matter how young or old you are, everyone enjoys rains and a lot of our happy childhood memories are about the rains. But, with all the joys of this awesome season, there are certain illnesses and diseases too that might affect all of us. And with the sheer intensity of the diseases all around, it becomes difficult for the parents to identify what disease their child has. Diseases affect children more because unlike adults, they have a weaker immune system and are susceptible to infections.
Yes, you have to go to the doctor if the illness becomes severe but before that, it is important for you to be able to identify the illness so that you can at least take some measures and tell the doctor too exactly what was going on. So, to help you, we will tell you about 5 such common diseases and their symptoms.
One of the most common illnesses that are seen in children is Dengue. This disease is spread due to the mosquitoes that are bred around the puddles of stagnated water. Dengue symptoms are high fever, low platelet count, rashes, hypersensitivity amongst other things. Using mosquito repellents and insect repellent plants like citronella is a good idea to prevent this mosquito from entering your home. Making your child wear clothes that cover his/her entire body will also be useful.
This widespread bowel disease is caused due to the consumption of unhygienic foods and water. Diarrhoea is a highly preventable and treatable disease if one is careful. There are two kinds of diarrhoea, acute and chronic, both of which can be dealt with. Drinking boiled water and sticking home food is the best way to prevent this disease.
3. Viral Fever
Viral fevers are a common symptom through the year but are the most common during monsoons. Severe fever, cold and cough are some common symptoms. This may last from 3-7 days. However, it is always good to consult your doctor before diagnosing anything.
Malaria is caused by female anopheles mosquito, which breeds in waterlogged areas. It is because of this, that malaria is the most common ailment during monsoon. Fever, shivers, muscle pain and weakness are the most prominent symptoms of malaria. The best way to prevent malaria is to clean the water tank in your house frequently and to keep your surroundings clean.
Monsoon is the primary time of catching disease through consumption of contaminated water and food. Weakness, yellow urine, yellowing of eyes, vomiting and liver dysfunction are the symptoms of jaundice and should be looked out for immediately. Drinking boiled water, sticking to home cooked food and avoiding street food as much as you can is the best way to prevent this virus.
Monsoon is a time to go out and have fun for the kids. And in order for them to do that freely, it is our responsibility to keep our surroundings clean and hygienic so that diseases can stay as far away from our little one as possible.